Legalizing use of cannabinoids and its challenges@dminx
In the 2015 WADA Code, an introduction of new criteria was established alongside legalizing the “Recreational” Use of Cannabinoids (out-of-competition), which in-essence provided a special assessment for ADRV with regards to the consumption of Cannabinoids in- competition. This assessment basically introduced a new criterion for establishing an ADRV which falls somewhere between No fault or Negligence and Intentional consumption of prohibited substances in/out of competition. Such has been termed as “No Significant Fault or Negligence” (cf. Article 10.5.1.1, alongside Appendix 1 of WADA Code).
In complementation with the 2015 amendment, recently in 2018, the Use of CBD (synthetically produced Cannabidiol) has been taken out of the S8 category of prohibited substances from the WADA 2018 Prohibited List.
Despite the new regulations being much more lenient than the ones we had earlier since the 2004 amendment, there are various reasons (scientific and statistical) regarding the Use and effect of Use of Cannabinoids within an Athlete’s body, which defers from the WADA’s analogy and understanding towards it.
It needs to be noted that earlier, the Medical Committee of Olympics discovered that the Use of Cannabinoids do not provide for any performance enhancing effects and that if they start detecting Cannabinoids in an Athlete’s body, they will not be considered to have been doing their job.
Moreover, it is a well-established conundrum that the Use of Cannabinoids (excluding CBD) is enlisted under WADA Code, since it defects one of the building pillars of WADA Code (which is the Spirit of the Game).
As complementation to the above statement, this paper will surely include a critique over the legalization of CBD and how it is in direct conflict with the WADA’s own policy to prohibit any substance or method.
The reason why I am writing this paper is because scientifically speaking, the effects of Cannabinoids within an Athlete’s body last for not more than 5 to 8 hours, however, the drug THC ratio can remain within the blood, hair and urine of a body for almost 1 month. This simply entails that even if the Athlete has consumed Cannabinoids 20 days prior to the Competition, he may still be caught of an ADRV, since the trail of consumption of THC might be remaining in his body. Further to this, WADA has clearly established that the Use of CBD is limited to its synthetic manufacturing, considering that naturally produced CBD plant can still have traces of THC, which is still prohibited In-competition.
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